Central Kalahari game reserve
Central Kalahari game reserve is a national park in Botswana extending from the Kalahari desert section of Botswana. The park was formed in the year 1961 and spans an area of 52,800km2 which is pretty much bigger than Holland as nation, the park also covers literally 10% of Botswana’s land bringing it to a record breaking position of the 2nd largest game reserve in the world and simply nested in the center of Botswana
Central Kalahari game reserve is home to several wildlife some of which include the giraffes, lions, cape buffaloes, brown hyena , honey badgers, zebras, lions, kudus, sable antelopes, spotted hyena, gemsbok, springbok, leopards, cheetahs, Bart eared fox, jackals, hares, cape porcupine, elands, impalas, aardvark , cape ground squirrel, white rhinos, elephants, ostriches, red hartebeests ostriches among others. Central Kalahari game reserve consists of a flat terrain, gently adulating covered with grass on extended lands of sand dunes and some parts covered with larger trees. Several of the river valleys are solidified and filled with salt pans.
The game reserve area was occupied by the Bushmen also known as the San people, the have stayed and roamed around the reserve area for over a thousand years living their simple lives of hunting and gathering. But around the year 1990s the government decided to relocate them after they were being seen as depleting the natural resources despite being given proceeds from the tourism activities. In the year 1997 the government located a fraction amounting three quarters of the bushmen or san people. Again in the year 2005 the government of Botswana forcefully evicted the bushmen and took them into the settlements camps leaving a about only 250 of them in park as permanent settlers. The the year 2006, the court of Botswana proclaimed the eviction of the bushmen from their original land was unjust and illegal and they were granted the rights to assume their land. In the 2015 the bush men were again banned from accessing their land in the land and deemed all hunting activities by the bush men in the park as illegal but only granted the private game reserve to practice spot hunting as an activity to done by the tourists.